90% of people are exposed to illegal substance before the age of 18.


55% of all inhalant-related deaths are nearly instantaneous, known as "Sudden Sniffing Death Syndrome."


One in five adolescents have admitted to abusing inhalants.

Inhalant

Inhalant Drug Addiction

IIn the world of substance abuse, there is one substance that doesn’t seem to get the same level of attention as the other more prominent drugs. The challenges surrounding Inhalant addictions is that it can be just as damaging to the quality of life of an individual and yet, few people give it the recognition it deserves. Because it has put much of the population at risk, especially our youth, it is a situation that needs to be seriously addressed for a number of reasons. There are several classes of Inhalants that can easily be found around the home. These items include things like solvents, such as paint thinners, degreasers, dry cleaning fluids, spray lubricants, glues, adhesives, lighter fluid, nail polish remover and furniture polish. They could also be using butane lighters, propane, spray paint, and hair sprays, among many more.

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Inhalant Detox

Inhalants can be both physically and psychologically addicting, it is likely that an individual will feel strong urges to inhale or huff after using only a couple of days. It's medically recommended to detox in a place where you can be medically monitored. With detoxifications comes withdrawal symptoms and the symptoms can be very uncomfortable. If an individual is in a treatment center, he or she can be helped and made more comfortable during this initial process. Getting treatment for an Inhalant addiction starts with detox, then continues with a treatment program that is designed specifically to meet one's needs. It might seem impossible to stop abusing Inhalants but you can stop and there are facilities waiting to help you achieve it.
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Inhalant Abuse Rehab

Due to the lack of epidemic recognition and attention given to Inhalant addiction and abuse, there are relatively few treatment centers that are equipped to address this particular substance abuse problem. Individuals who chronically abuse Inhalants are often impacted by many psychological and social challenges. This is caused by the toxic chemicals that have done severe and irreversible damage to one's brain cells and chemistry. If an individual has been abusing Inhalants for a long time you may need to seek a rehab center not only for addiction but for mental health as well. This may absolutely be necessary in order for the person to reclaim a productive part in their life.

Dangers of Inhalant Abuse

Inhalants are any chemical vapors or gases that can be breathed into the body. These drugs produce mind-altering effects that not only damage an individual’s respiratory system but also ones the brain. Inhalants often include solvents, fuels, aerosols, nitrites or gases. Sometimes categorized as volatile organic solvents, these vapors can be easily found in natural products like natural gas, coal, or petroleum.

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Effects of Inhalants

Signs and Symptoms
Being able to identify the signs and symptoms of Inhalant abuse is imperative to preventing further abuse that can quickly lead to serious complications and death.

Chemical Smell Coming from Clothing or Breath
Disoriented in Appearance
Paint or Unfamiliar Stains (hands, clothes or face)
Slurred of Speech
Hidden Empty Solvent Containers
Lack of Attentiveness
Nausea
Depression
Loss of Appetite
Irritability
Lethargy
Lack of Coordination
Short-Term Effects

The chemicals that are found in the large variety of Inhalants are known to produce a range of pharmacological effects, however the majority of Inhalants resemble the rapid euphoria high that is often produced by alcohol intoxication.

If sufficient amounts of the chemicals are inhaled, nearly gases and solvent chemicals produce anesthesia. Anesthesia is the loss of physical feeling and sensations which often times leads to unconsciousness. Inhalants produce effects initiated with excitement and immediately followed by:
• Intoxication
• Disinhibition
• Lightheadedness
• Drowsiness
• Agitation
Long-Term Effects
Long-term effects of Inhalant abuse result in highly severe complications to one’s health. The fatality rate of Inhalant use has continued to increase. Someone the long term effects of Inhalant abuse are:

• Permanent Damage to Brain Cells
• Short-Term Memory Loss
• Damage of Bone Marrow
• Loss of Hearing
• Damage to Liver and Kidneys
• Limb Spasms
• Complications Similar to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome
• Potential for Sudden Sniffing Death
• Death by Asphyxiation
• Death by Convulsions
• Death by Suffocation
• Death related to Coma
• Death by Choking
• Death by Fatal Injury

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FAQ

Why are Inhalants Abused?

Inhalants are abused for many different reasons. Here are a few that may not seem obvious at first: Inhalant products are widely available, free of cost or quite inexpensive and use of such products is not only hard to detect but easy to hide.

I found my roommate in a trance and incoherent from abusing an Inhalant called whippets what should I do?

Remain calm, especially if the individual is under the influence in your presence. Maintaining a sense of calmness will keep you safe from violence caused from hallucinations if the person is startled. Also over stimulation can cause stress and activity from an individual which can result in heart issues and be fatal.

I found someone unconscious with evidence of Inhalant abuse, what do I do?

If the individual is not breathing or found unconscious immediately dial 911 and call for emergency assistance. During the wait for help to arrive, CPR must be administered. If the individual becomes conscious, make sure to keep him or her calm, relaxed and in a room that is well-ventilated.

What is the term Sudden Sniffing Death in reference to?

Sudden Sniffing Death can occur whether it is someone’s first time using or the 20th. Inhalants contain concentrated highly toxic chemicals that ate in solvents and aerosols. These chemicals are known to induce rapid or irregular heart rhythm which can lead to death by heart failure.

How are Inhalants classified, due to the large range of Inhalant products?

Inhalants are simply classified into the following four categories: nitrites, aerosols, volatile solvents and gases.

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Infographics

Learn more about Inhalant with our infographics.

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Inhalant Withdrawal Symptoms

Individuals who have a dependence to Inhalants from chronic abuse often experience symptoms of withdrawal that are similar to that of Cocaine dependence. However, some individuals you rarely use Inhalant are not likely to experience withdrawal symptoms. Some of the Inhalant withdrawal symptoms are: Nausea, muscle cramps, excessive sweating, chills, headaches, shaking, agitation, hallucinations, loss of appetite, tics, sleep disturbances, and frequent mood changes.

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Dangers of Inhalant Overdose

Due to the fact that Inhalant intoxication will only last for about a minute or two, individuals will attempt to prolong the desire effect by continually inhaling several times in an hour. This type of abuse is highly fatal. As a result of excessive Inhalant use individuala often undergo a loss of consciousness and death. Inhalant overdose can also be deadly by lack of one’s oxygen in lungs, blocking air passage ways into lungs and many others.

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Inpatient Inhalant Rehab Program

Inhalant addiction is serious; most cases require a full detox with 24-hour supervision by medical professionals. An inpatient facility is where the clients stay at a physical location with proper supervision while they break free of the hold addiction has on him or her. The amount of time spent in rehab varies depending on the degree of complications caused by Inhalant abuse and how long Inhalants were abused for. Many individuals often times choose to go to inpatient rehab due to the extensive treatment services that are offers. Also inpatient is the most popular type of rehab because of the many stages that are required and included in achieving successful recovery for Inhalant addiction.

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Outpatient Inhalant Rehab Program

Outpatient rehab treatment centers commonly differ quite a bit. Some outpatient programs have a service beyond counseling in a group. Services that often go beyond group counseling when in outpatient rehab are individual therapy sessions or counseling, family therapy, daily check-ins that are require, daily 12-step meetings and drug testing. Other outpatient programs are set up where you attend classes, support groups, therapy and that is it. The majority of these programs make outside recovery meetings a requirement. Although this may seem like a lot to do, outpatient allows individuals in rehab to work, attend school or go about their daily normal lives without Inhalant abuse.

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Cause of alcoholismInhalant Intervention

The majority of individuals with an Inhalant addiction are adolescent, to be specific high school students. If you know someone who is living with an addiction to Inhalants, it is crucial to stage an intervention. Inhalant addiction is very serious and kills many every. It might seem scary but it is necessary, talking to a professional ahead of time can help ease some of those feelings so you can then help your loved one. Interventions are often very successful in helping people discover that they need help with an Inhalant abuse problem. If you pondering whether to hold an intervention for a loved one, or not, contact a professional interventionist.

When to seek help for addictionTravel for Inhalant Treatment

Like any other medical disorder, you will need professional medical help to cope with an Inhalant addiction. If you are struggling with Inhalant abuse, please give us a call. Similarly, the change taken to pursue a better lifestyle will affect a person’s ability to respond in healthy manner when in contact with anyone or thing that is triggering. To avoid triggering situations, many individuals pursue the options of traveling for Inhalant treatment to change their surroundings for a short amount of time. Traveling away from familiar area, is a great way to combat your addiction to Inhalants. Rehab centers for the disorder of addiction provide healthy environments where you are able to heal, because you will be safe, supported and stabilized.

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The best treatment option.
The Best Inhalant Treatment Option

First and foremost, they will need to be seen by a medical professional to assess the amount of damage the substance has done to their body. The doctor will help you to find a recovery program that will work best for them and that will help them through the detox phase of recovery. This process may take some time because the body stores these chemicals in the fatty tissue, which could lead to a feeling of listlessness for a time. But once the body is clear of the drug further testing will have to be done to determine how much neurological damage has been done and to set up a course of treatment for recovery. This should be done right after detoxification and then again a few months later to determine if the damage has been permanent or if they will make a full recovery.

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Types of Inhalants

Many inhalants can be commonly found in a home setting. Some types of inhalants may include products, such as, Spray paint: Usually sprayed in a plastic bag and inhaled. Leaves individual feeling giggly, but kills brain cells; Whippets: Canisters of nitrous oxide that is used for whipped cream, usually put in balloons and inhaled. Can cause frostbite on face; Glue: Typically, a petroleum based glue in a plastic bag. Can cause irreversible lung damage; Markers: Usually the brand Sharpie, inhaled right from the marker or by placing a cloth recently marked on over the mouth. Causes irreversible brain damage; Lighter fluid: Butane can be put in a bag or on a rag and inhaled. Sudden Sniffing Death can happen after using the inhalant only one time; Cleaning supplies: Most cleaning supplies found around the house can be inhaled or huffed. This type of inhalant causes brain damage, lung damage and Sudden Sniffing Death.

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traveling for treatementHow Do People Use Inhalants?

Inhalants are extremely toxic which results in lasting and sometimes permanent nervous system and brain damage from chronic exposure. Inhalant drugs are also toxic to the organ system causing damage of a significant degree to the kidney, heart, liver and lungs. People use Inhalants through breathing in from one’s mouth or nose in a variety of ways including: Inhaling nitrous oxide filled balloons; huffing, which refers to a chemically soaked cloth; aerosols are actually sprayed into an individual’s nose or mouth directly; bagging which refers to inhaling toxic fumes from sprayed substances or from inside a paper or plastic bag; and sniffing is also known as snorting fumes that come from containers. When chemicals are Inhaled they are absorbed into the bloodstream from the lungs which then spread to the brain and organs. Inhalant use intoxicated individuals within a few seconds of inhaling and experience feelings similar to alcohol produced intoxication.

alcohol abuse interventionReported Facts on Inhalant Abuse

According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Administration’s survey on drug abuse, there are about 2 million young people between the ages of 12 and 17 that use Inhalants and more than 18 million people nationwide that abuse Inhalants. It has been ranked as the third most popular drug for students up until about 7th grade; around the time when they start to experiment with other drugs. Inhalants are considered to be a starter drug for the young because they are so easy to get. Sometimes referred to as a gateway drug because they lead to harder drugs that can be more damaging to their health and life later on. Inhalants produce effects identical to Alcohol, which are, lack of coordination, dizziness, slurring of speech and euphoria.

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