The unseen costs of alcoholism and consequences with the law.
Drinking alcohol can have various legal consequences, including DUI, arrests, court-ordered treatment, fine, jail time, loss of employment and more. Most people drink to have a good time, but it is all too easy to drink too much and start making poor decisions that can effect the rest of your life.[/vc_column_text][vc_column_text]Statistics on arrests for DUI violations across the country showed that:
- 37,691,912 people live in California, and that there were 214,828 DUI arrests
- 19,057,542 people live in Florida, and that there were 61,852 DUI arrests
- 19,465,197 people live in New York, and that there were 25,169 DUI arrests
- 5,711,767 people live in Wisconsin, and that there were 40,549 DUI arrests
- 25,674,681 people live in Texas, and that there were 90,066 DUI arrests
Each state sets its own drinking and driving laws and penalties, varying greatly from one another. 33 percent of those arrested on a DUI are also offenders, and one of the biggest issues in all states is when driving under the influence leads to a fatality. Every year, around 11,000 people die as a result of this.
When Alcoholism Leads to Jail or Prison Time
Those who are caught as first offenders may not have to go to jail. However, a second offense involving alcohol will lead to more severe legal consequences including imprisonment, with each stay getting longer for each arrest. In certain jurisdictions, mandatory sentences exist as well. Another factor of influence is whether any other crimes were committed while under the influence, such as battery. Some examples of minimum sentences are:
- Four days in jail for first time offenders, 90 days for second time offenders, and 120 days for third time offender in the state of California
- No minimum for first offenders, 10 days for second offenders, and 30 days for third offenders in the state of Florida
- No minimum for first offenders, five days for second offenders or 30 days community service, and 10 days for third offenders or 60 days community service in the state of New York
- No minimum for first offenders, five days for second offenders, and 30 days for third offenders in the state of Wisconsin
- Three days for first offenders, 30 days for second offenders, and two years for third offenders in the state of Texas
If the DUI involves vehicular assault or vehicular manslaughter, the penalties are much harsher. The exact sentence will depend on the state where it occurred, and also on the particulars of each individual case. Some states also have different types of charges within DUI vehicular manslaughter, with different sentences. It is unlikely that someone will get a life sentence, despite manslaughter being a felony crime. Certain benefits, like voting rights, college financial aid, public housing, welfare benefits, jury service, travel rights, employment in certain fields, the right to bear arms, parental rights, and the right to professional license, can be lost, however.
Nearly 40% of crimes happen under the influence of alcohol.
Court-Ordered Rehab for Alcoholism
When people are facing the legal consequences of alcoholism such as a DUI charge, they will initially be assessed by a court appointed counselor to determine whether they are in actuality, an alcoholic. A number of factors will be considered, including:
- How many prior DUI offenses the person has had
- Whether there are aggravating factors, like children being present
- What the Blood Alcohol Content was when the person was arrested
- Whether the person has already been in treatment for drugs or alcohol
- Whether other drugs were also present
- Whether the offender has mental health problems
The courts will then take the counselor’s recommendation into consideration when sentencing, and it is possible that the individual will face court ordered treatment for alcoholism treatment options. These include:
- Several sessions in an outpatient rehab program over a set period of time
- Attending an inpatient treatment program
- Performing community services
- Holding and attending presentations on the effects of DUI driving on others, known as “victim impact panels”
Nearly one in five college students actively engage in drinking patterns that consitute alcohol use disorders.
Prevent Negative Consequences of Alcoholism
There are many different strategies to use in order to avoid any of the legal consequences of alcoholism. In general, these are targeted at specific demographics, such as:
Alcoholic Prevention Programs for Young People
Alcohol is still one of young people’s most popular drugs. In fact, alcohol use is twice as high as smoking, and far higher than marijuana or other drug use. Despite laws stating that people cannot drink until they are 21, it is proving to be incredibly difficult to enforce this. The focus at present is on community education and involving the family in helping young people avoid drinking alcohol. Some of the programs that have been put into place to achieve this include:
Alcohol Interventions within the school, by:
- Making it clear that not everybody drinks
- Teaching young people how to say “no”
- Using various interactive techniques in a range of media and classroom environments
- Involving the community and parents
- Discussing the subject regularly
- Providing training for teachers and community leaders, as well as their students
- Focusing on delivery of developmentally and culturally appropriate messages
Engaging the community, by:
- Limiting access to alcohol for minors
- Imposing tougher enforcement of the law on underage drinking
- Making community events dry (no alcohol)
- Increasing public awareness about the dangers of alcohol
- Clearly defining community boundaries, setting goals, and putting measurable actions in place. This must also be adequately planned, and there has to be full transparency in terms of policies, procedures, and practices.
Family focused interventions specific to young people, by:
- Recognizing that the family plays a huge role in ensuring that young people do not start drinking at a young age. If there is a lack in positive parental relationships, or if there is a history of alcohol abuse in the home, children are more likely to start drinking themselves.
- Understanding that family is vital in terms of how the children develop, and ensuring that programs are in place to support the family unit . This has been proven to be successful.
Preventing alcoholism in college, by:
- Acknowledging that the binge drinking culture in college is very much alive
- Providing information on the dangers of alcohol consumption, although this on its own is not effective
- Engaging in community and youth activities that are sober
- Putting in place prevention strategies, such as motivational intervention, challenging students, and cognitive behavior therapy
- Offering individualized therapy with feedback, and including peers in this feedback
- Using online educational sites with interactive tools. This has been particularly effective when students can see how their level of drinking aligns with the average for their age.
- Starting partnerships between colleges and communities to minimize access to alcohol, for instance, by raising prices and allowing fewer stores to sell alcoholic drinks
- Putting web based programs in place, which are cost-effective, convenient, and easy to use
Alcoholic Prevention Programs for the Employed
The majority of adults are in some form of employment. Hence, having programs in place at work can be very important, not in the least because people who work full time will find it difficult to also find time in their schedule to attend other prevention programs. Companies can work together with their medical care and employee assistance programs to put strategies in place. This benefits not just the employee, but also the employer and the community, as people are healthier, more productive, and less ill.
Within the workplace, prevention programs usually focus on specific issues associated with excessive drinking. These include lifestyle campaigns that look at things such as:
- Proper nutrition
- Exercising regularly
- Lowering stress levels
- Avoiding risky behavior
- Putting social support in place
- Implementing confidential counseling and interventions that include personal assessments of drinking problems
- Offering access to treatment programs
Alcoholic Prevention Programs for the Military
The military is in a unique position because rates of alcohol abuse are higher within this sector due to the stresses of lengthy, distant deployments in hostile environments. In fact, those aged between 18 and 35 who are currently in the military are 60% more likely to engage in heavy drinking compared to civilians of the same age. This is now a recognized problem, and one that military bases are trying to address, often by working together with the community in which they are based. Some of these efforts include:
- Ensuring alcohol distributors always perform an identification check
- Enforcing underage drinking laws
- Working with law enforcement to perform more DUI checks
- Raising awareness in the community and through the media
- Offering alternatives to drinking
It is hugely important that there is an aligned public policy when it comes to preventing excessive drinking. The federal government usually has policies in place for specific demographics that can be very useful, but there should also be a strong focus on a more united message. This is why changes have been made to how available alcohol is, and what the consequences are if people break the laws on alcohol. The result has been a reduction in health care costs and criminal justice costs. The federal policies are available through the Alcohol Policy Information System, which is part of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
Impact of Increasing Prices of Alcoholic Drinks
Whether or not raising prices of alcoholic beverages to prevent excessive drinking works or not, is a subject of hot debate. In theory, increasing prices should make it more difficult for people to purchase a drink and, while it may not stop them from drinking altogether, it may mean that they will drink less. As a result, there should also be less of an impact on the criminal justice system, on the health care system, on the performance of people in school or at work, and on society as a whole. However, others state that these measures are not effective and only open up a black market, while at the same time increasing the chance that someone who has an alcohol addiction commits a crime in order to finance their substance.
Other Alcoholism Prevention Strategies
Many other prevention strategies for alcohol abuse exist. Often, these focus specifically on young people and they are delivered by various community organization. Some suggestions that have been put in place in certain parts of the country include:
- Putting tougher regulations in place for minimum drinking age and the consequences of drinking as a minor or selling to a minor
- Privatizing or monopolizing the means of control, including sales, distribution, and/or production of alcohol
- Monitoring the densities of alcohol outlets
- Limiting the hours during which alcohol can be sold
In 2014, there were over 5 million people aged between 12 and 20 who had reported instances of binge drinking.
Legal Consequences from Alcoholism in Parents
Legal Consequences of Underage Drinking
There are various underage drinking laws in place. Minors who illegally possess alcohol who are caught will then face the legal consequences of a Minor in Possession offense. Other laws are in place to punish those who provide minors with alcohol. In most MIP cases, the defendant is younger than the drinking age, but still classed as an adult. They may, for instance, be aged between 18 and 20. However, the legal age in most of the states in this country is 21, even if someone is classed as an adult from age 18 onward. Under MIP laws, consequences can include:
- A 30 day revocation of a driver’s license
- Court-ordered alcohol education programs
- Performing community service
How minors are punished for their offense includes on a range of different factors, such as:
- How old is the offender
- Whether the minor was legally intoxicated when the offense was committed
- Whether it is a first offense
In most states, those who are of the legal drinking age will break the law if they give alcohol to, or purchase it for, those under the age of 21. The exception, in some states, is when parents serve their own children. However, the child must then consume the alcoholic drink within the private family residence, in the presence of the parent. In some states, it is not an offense for minors to possess alcohol, so long as they don’t consume it. A final exception is if minors are to be given alcohol as part of a religious ceremony, in which case they also aren’t breaking the law by consuming it, nor are the religious leaders breaking the law for providing it.