Fentanyl

Opiate

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Dangers of Fentanyl Abuse

Fentanyl a powerful Opioid Painkiller is known under a few different commercial names such as, Actiq, Subsys, Duragesic and Sublimaze. Fentanyl resembles the Opioid, Morphine in many ways, however Fentanyl is 50 to even 100 times higher in potency. Opioid Painkillers communicate with the Opioid receptors in an individual’s brain.

Prescription Fentanyl overall is a high-risk substance, so when Fentanyl is abused, it is even more dangerous than when it is taken or administered as prescription. The drug Fentanyl is so strong that there is almost no difference between a therapeutic dose and a deadly one. High dosages of Opioid substance, especially potent one like Fentanyl can cause a person’s breathing to cease entirely.

Fentanyl’s high potency also increases overdose risk substantially. In the united states today, the drug Fentanyl has been reported to be laced in several different substances, such as Heroin, cocaine, counterfeit prescription pills and much more. Overdose risks increase heavily among individuals who are not aware of the pills or powder purchased having contaminants of Fentanyl.

Street Names for Fentanyl

Both for lower level suppliers and individuals who purchase Fentanyl illicitly are known to utilize street names. Street names are a means to steer clear of authorities, as well as friends and family. Some Fentanyl street names include:

  • Apache
  • China Girl
  • China Town
  • China White
  • Dance Fever
  • Goodfellas
  • He-Man
  • Jackpot
  • King Ivory

Fentanyl Effects

When using or abusing Fentanyl people tend to experience feeling of euphoria, lethargy, drowsiness and even mellowed out. Building a Tolerance to Fentanyl is something that happens at a quick rate. When a tolerance is built an individual body requires its system to need an increased amount. This very fast increase in amount of Fentanyl taken makes the drug even more dangerous. Individuals who abuse Fentanyl, take the drug illicitly and are addicted to it are at a higher risk of adverse and fatal consequences. Addiction to Fentanyl also has various other consequences. It often leads individuals to engage in behaviors and activities that seems utterly out of character. Additionally, an individual may become increasingly withdrawn from life and things that used to bring him or her pleasure and joy.

Warning signs of Fentanyl abuse in a loved one

If you suspect that a loved one is abusing Fentanyl, you will want to reach out as soon as possible. There are some warning signs that will be helpful to look out for. An individual who has been afflicted with Fentanyl addiction will generally become defensive and protective of his or her prescription medication. If your loved one is not only showing signs of possessiveness of his or her pain medication, but beginning to be secretive with his or her pills, it is safe to assume Fentanyl abuse is a problem.

fentanyl warning signs and side effects

One of top signs that your loved one could be abusing Fentanyl is doctor-shopping. In addition to doctor shopping to obtain and secure his or her supply of Painkillers, is prescription fraud and expenditures to make money, needed for something unexplained.

fentanyl warning signs and side effects

Has your loved one started to have a continuous deterioration in his or her personal integrity? Has he or she become secretive and irritable when you ask about his or her wellness? If these significant signs are familiar in your life, your loved one may have a Fentanyl addiction.

fentanyl warning signs and side effects

Has a person in your life begun to act out in surprising and suspicious behaviors? Has he or she recently displayed unexplainable symptoms of physical withdrawal alongside feelings of panic and desperation? your loved one may need help for Fentanyl abuse.

Factual Dangers: Fentanyl

Fentanyl addiction can take place even if the drug is only used once. Fentanyl can take hold on a person’s life in every aspect. Fentanyl being like other Opioid drugs such as Morphine and Heroin, it works in a person’s body through binding the Opioid receptors in one’s brain. The Opioid receptors are in control of a person’s emotions and pain. Prepare yourself with the facts and knowledge about what exactly Fentanyl is and how it is impacting lives all around us.

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Fast Facts: Fentanyl

In this section we will spotlight key facts about the featured substance.The infographic series highlights the devestating effects that come withsubstance abuse, not only for the user but everyone connected to them.

 

fentanyl abuse facts

Fentanyl is typically mixed with street-sold cocaine or heroin in attempt to amplify the potency of the drugs.

According to the European Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction, trafficking of illegally produced Fentanyl is increasing

fentanyl abuse facts
fentanyl abuse facts

In 2008, there were about 7.64 million prescriptions written for Fentanyl because of medical reasons

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Fentanyl Rehab Treatment

Deciding to get help for Fentanyl abuse is a big step and it’s certainly not easy. In rehab, there are multiples stages an individual will go through to ensure an effective and successful recovery from addiction psychologically and physically.

First is detox, for the withdrawal stage. After detox, there is residential treatment, where you typically stay in a facility for 30, 60, or 90 days, however program lengths vary and can last several months if desired. Most people are nervous about going into treatment, however there is nothing to fear. The disease of addiction affects as many as one in 10 American adults today, according to the Centers for Disease Control.

Fentanyl addiction is typically developed from and a sign of an underlying issue or issues. To ensure successful, long-term recovery, the root cause of what drove an individual’s psychological chemistry to warp into addiction should be identified. Many people get addicted to prescription Painkillers after taking them for a legitimate pain issue. For people who deal with chronic pain, life without Narcotics can be a frightening thought, however, it is better than living enslaved to drugs. Addiction treatment centers handle many cases of prescription Painkiller addiction. Through therapy and the guidance of professionals, you will get your life back and learn new, better ways to handle stress and pain in the future.

Fentanyl Detox Treatment

Fentanyl treatment begins with a detoxification process. Withdrawal from Fentanyl can be extremely unpleasant and dangerous. The best way for an individual to detox is by going into an inpatient treatment center that offers medical detox. Fentanyl detoxification and withdrawals will not be easy, but medical professionals in a detox center monitor an individual to help promote peace of mind as well as safety

A medically managed detox program is considered the number one route to beginning recovery, as medical professionals will be able to ensure your safety and alleviate discomfort with medication and other techniques. Withdrawal can be a frightening prospect, however, remember that you are not alone. There will be people supporting and helping you every step of the way. Some of the withdrawal symptoms you or your loved one are likely to experience are extreme restlessness, yawning, sweating, watery eyes, runny nose, muscle and bone pain, chills, anxiety, irritability, weakness, stomach cramps, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, and high blood pressure.

With around-the-clock medical assistance, you can relax and focus on getting well, knowing that you are in good hands. Doctors can prescribe medication to alleviate discomfort as well, ensuring a successful and complete detox.

Addiction to Fentanyl

As Fentanyl is a highly addictive Opiate, many Opioid abusers will begin to abuse Fentanyl after they have developed a substantial tolerance to other Opioids, resulting in safer Opiates no longer being effective. When Fentanyl is abused or even used as prescribed, an addiction is usually formed. Fentanyl is mainly abused for the degree of euphoric effects it produced.

Fentanyl often serves directly as a substitute for individuals dependent on and addicted to Heroin. However, Fentanyl’s strength and potency surpasses Heroin significantly and is indeed a hazardous substitute. The rate of Fentanyl related overdose deaths continues to climb due to it often leading to depression of an individual’s respiratory system and resulting in fatality.

 A well know form of Fentanyl is patches. Fentanyl patches can be abused by removal of gel contents within them, then ingesting and injecting the substance. Regardless of whether an individual is prescribed Fentanyl or abuses it illicitly, purchasing it off the street, he or she has most likely worked his or her way up from a less potent painkilling substance. Most people who abuse Fentanyl start when their tolerance level for other substances is so high that they can no longer get the feeling they are looking for from other Opiates. There is a high risk of overdose when it comes to Fentanyl, this addiction will without a doubt turn deadly.

Fentanyl Dependency

Fentanyl dependency is rarely just physical. If an individual is dependent on Fentanyl, he or she is likely to experience both a psychological and physical dependence. When taking a potent substance such as Fentanyl, the substances binds to and takes hold of the brain’s Opiate receptors.

When the Opioid binds to these receptors the brain speeds up the production of dopamine, a chemical in the brain known as a neurotransmitter. Dopamine is generally responsible for producing a person’s feel good chemicals. The risk of Fentanyl dependence on a psychological level is high and can happen simply after one occurrence of being administered into one’s system, for example, a onetime administration for surgical purposes.

However, in terms of physical dependence, this is built overtime and that time is often short lived. Each time a people consume Fentanyl into their systems an increased amount of the substance is needed to produce the same effects that results from an adequate dopamine release in the brain. If you or a loved one is taking Fentanyl to enjoy day to day life experiences, you may have a psychological dependence otherwise known as an addiction to Fentanyl. If signs of either physical or psychological dependence to drug are present in you or your loved one’s life, please get help immediately.

Seeking help for a loved one

  • Do Interventions Work?
    With the proper balance of love and genuine conern, interventions have been shown to be effective.
  • Do I Have to Conduct an Intervention Alone?
    No. There are numerous professional interventionists available to provide assistance.

Intervention for Fentanyl Abuse

If you are seeking assistance and want to get your loved one treatment for an addiction to Fentanyl, there are a few things you will want to do. First off, holding an intervention from your loved one without a trained and experienced professional may cause more harm than good. Fentanyl is extremely addictively and highly potent. The potency is 100 greater than Morphine and 50 times greater than Heroin.

There are a growing amount of Fentanyl overdoses each year and the only way to stop the growth is by making sure your loved one gets help. If you suspect someone you know is addicted to Fentanyl, an intervention may be necessary. Before staging the intervention, you may want to consult a professional interventionist to find the best way to get your message across. There are many ways to go about staging an intervention. Essentially, the intervention is a conversation where the individual’s drug abuse and behavior are confronted in a supportive and secure manner.

The main aim of an intervention is to get your loved one into treatment for Fentanyl abuse. Professional interventionists assist friends and family members in the process of strongly encouraging their loved one to enter an addiction treatment center for Fentanyl abuse. The most important aspect of an intervention is to keep the conversation non-judgmental and compassionate. Seeking out help from a professional interventionist may result in a more positive outcome from your loved one and an overall effective intervention. The intervention you stage for a loved one addicted to Fentanyl could very well be the difference between life and death for him or her.

Recovery from Fentanyl Abuse

Fentanyl is not only highly addictive, but often deadly. Addiction is one of the biggest problems facing the United States today, however treatment to combat addiction is ever evolving and becoming stronger. To ensure a proactive approach to recovery from Fentanyl abuse, treatment centers typically offer integrated and comprehensive programs. Most of comprehensive treatment centers address co-occurring disorder, otherwise known as dual-diagnosis.  Dual diagnosis is when a person has two separate and co-occurring disorders, such as addiction and depression. In cases of addiction, it typically refers to when a person has substance abuse problem and a mood disorder, such as depression, anxiety, bi-polar or another. People with mental illness often try to self-medicate their symptoms and may have a greater chance of developing an addiction.

To ensure a successful and complete recovery, the co-occurring disorders must be identified and properly treated. In addition to comprehensive and integrated treatment programs there are many Different 12-step programs such Alcoholics Anonymous and Narcotics Anonymous that have proven to help millions of people worldwide to find recovery from addiction. Everyone is encouraged to choose a sponsor and with his or her help, work the 12-steps of recovery.

These 12-steps are an easy to follow, simple solution to the problem of addiction. Through working the steps people learn a better, healthier way to live. Most treatment centers are 12-step based and encourage people to continue going to meeting once their stay in rehab is complete. All 12-step programs welcome anyone with a desire to stop using, regardless of whether they have attended a rehab program. Getting away from areas of temptation and people who might enable drug use creates a much higher chance that the person will finish their treatment successfully. It is important to get away from the negative influences and allow yourself time to work on your recovery.

  • How do People Get Addicted to Drugs and Alcohol?
    Substance Use overrides the brain’s core function, making abuse a higher priority than eating, drinking and sleep.
  • Is There Hope if My Addiction is Bad?
    Of course. People are recovering from addiction every day in the United States, you can too.
  • Are Overdoses Common?
    Unfortunately, yes. Rates of overdoses have immensely increased within the last few decades.
  • What Should I do If Someone Is Overdosing?
    The first thing you should always do is call 911, emergency services have staff that are trained to treat overdoses.

Dangers of Fentanyl Overdose

Fentanyl related overdose deaths claim thousands of lives every year. According to Centers of Disease Control and Prevention, unintentional overdose deaths resulting from Fentanyl and other synthetic Opioids increased over 80 percent just from 2013 to 2014. An overdose on Fentanyl often results in short and long-term consequences to an individual’s health; and often Fentanyl abuse and overdoses leads to death.

Many prescription Opioid are specifically created to release medicine effects over a substantial amount of time to keep individual’s safe from overdose. However, as with many other types of drugs, individual who are addicted to Opioids and abusing Fentanyl know how to manipulate the drug to help produce the effects quicker, ultimately, eliminating the timed-release factor. Manipulating prescription drugs like Fentanyl or any other prescription is dangerous to one’s overall health, wellness and experiencing an overdose becomes almost guaranteed. Fentanyl is such a strong Opiate that the difference between a therapeutic dose and a deadly one is very little.

In a medical setting, Fentanyl is rarely used intravenously because it is unusually easy to overdose on. Some of the symptoms of overdose are difficulty swallowing, extreme fatigue, dizziness, fainting, shallow difficult breathing, respiratory arrest, cardiac arrest, altered level of consciousness, non-responsive to painful stimuli, and severe confusion. If you suspect that someone has overdosed on Fentanyl, call 911. Contacting emergency medical professionals immediately will ultimately determine the life or death for the overdosed individual.

Fentanyl Use, Abuse and Dependency

Fentanyl is an incredibly potent synthetic Opioid Painkiller. A schedule II substance indicates high risk of abuse and addiction, as well as a heavy control of the drug, which is why Fentanyl requires a prescription to legally obtain. When prescribed, Fentanyl has previously been available in the form of a patch or lollipop. However, there are also sprays, dissoluble strips that are placed under the tongue or pills that are dissolved in the cheek and medically administered injections. Prescription Fentanyl generally comes in a form that uses a time-release formula. A time released formula means that the drug is made to slowly release its pain-relieving properties and effects overtime.

Fentanyl in prescription form is not usually prescribed outside of a hospital setting. Although, on rare occurrences, Fentanyl is utilized through being injected by a qualified medical professional; this is route is generally avoided as it is dangerous. Due to the potency of Fentanyl the drug must be administered carefully to avoid a potential overdose and the resulting complications. This synthetic Opioid has a rapid onset and lasts for only a short duration of time. Due to Fentanyl’s short-lived and intense effects, the drug is commonly limited to use during surgical procedures and post-surgery. In some cases, it can be prescribed to people who already take prescription Opiates but are dealing with pain above the average Opioid barrier and tolerance. Reports from the National Institute of Drug Abuse indicate that in the U.S. today the most common forms of Fentanyl are films, Lozenges, sublingual tablets and buccal tablets.

Fentanyl is an extremely addictive drug that poses a major threat to a person’s psychological as well as physically system and overdose of the drug is unusually easy to achieve. In terms of abuse and psychological addiction, the NIDA also reports that Fentanyl is most knowingly used and abused through snorting, injection and smoking. According to the CDC estimates, out of the 129 Americans who face death by drug overdose, approximately 80 of them unintentionally overdosed on Opioid drugs. In the year of 2014 alone more than 28,000 Americans died from an Opioid overdose, with over half of the deaths resulting from prescription Painkillers.

Over the last few years there has been an outbreak in street illicit drugs being laced with Fentanyl. The overdose epidemic is on a steady incline due to the reality of Fentanyl laced Heroin, as well as cocaine and other drugs. The recent overdoses associated with Fentanyl and Fentanyl analogs have been found to be produced in illicit clandestine labs. In other words, this illicitly produced Fentanyl is non-pharmaceutical and sold in many forms. A few forms of non-pharmaceutical Fentanyl that are manufactured and sold include: a powder substance, put on blotter paper, counterfeit tablets that mimic other Painkillers or benzodiazepines and mixed with or entirely substituted for Heroin.

Overtime this powerful Opioid quickly spiraled out of control throughout communities in the U.S. Fentanyl went from being a practical, prescription Painkiller for surgical procedures and for individuals with cancer in their last days of life, to an illicit drug found on the street. Fentanyl has caused loss of life for many young adults and American people.

According to the NIDA, Fentanyl’s rising popularity among young people doing street drugs, it has been deemed as a top trending and emerging drug. Because of the lethal potency of Fentanyl, recent overdose reversal measures have been put to the test. The drugs strength causes the strength of Naloxone, an overdose reversal drugs a less effective measure for reversing and overdose on the drug. It is common for an individual who doses on Fentanyl or Fentanyl laced street drugs to require twice if not three times the amount of Naloxone to revive him or her an overdose.

Fentanyl is located anywhere from back alleys to high priced home and suburban communities. The Drug Enforcement Administration has reports that Fentanyl often makes its way into the U.S. through Mexico. However, Fentanyl’s primary supply is illicitly manufactured in clandestine labs in China and sent over to the U.S. Presently in the nation law officials are unsure of the amount of Fentanyl in the U.S., but massive amounts of the drug have been discovered and seizures through the country. Fentanyl dependence will lead to if not already an addiction. Addiction is a fatal disease of the brain that alters a person’s life in any and every way imaginable. Individuals who are living with an addiction to Fentanyl and other Opioids most often feel isolated and misunderstood. Isolation will keep your loved one in the life-threatening and damaging cycle of addiction. Fentanyl addiction is recognized as a medical disease. Just as with any similar medical disease, to recover and heal from the disease professional help and care is needed.

  • How Can You Tell if Someone is Intoxicated?
    The more common signs include abnormal behavior, sudden change in sleep patterns and rapid weight gain or loss.
  • What are Common Signs of Substance Withdrawal?
    Most reactions often include anxiety, depression, trouble sleeping, nausea, digestive problems and irratability.

Short & Long-term Effects

The effects caused by drug abuse and addiction in a general sense are quite unsettling. However, with heavy Opioid drugs, such as Fentanyl, the effects caused by abuse are life threating to a dramatic degree. The effects of Fentanyl abuse range widely in symptoms and signs, depending on the individual personally impacted. Fentanyl abuse is likely to cause several the following short-term side effects.

A few of the short-term effects include but are not limited to: dry mouth, lightheadedness or dizziness, breathing suppression, urine retention, hives and itching, severe constipation, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, drowsiness, headaches, confusion, hallucinations, lethargy seizures, and swelling of hands, feet and ankles.

Use of Fentanyl for any amount of time can lead to tolerance, dependence and addiction. In terms of long-term Fentanyl abuse the effects experienced are extremely dangerous. Some of these effects include increased risk of anoxic injury, multisystem organ damage, significant risk of overdose and death, harm to personal relationships, exacerbating pre-existing mental health conditions such as depression and anxiety. Fentanyl abuse for in long term cases almost ensures that the person will experience tolerance, dependence and addiction. If you or a loved one is living with an addiction to Opioids, such as Fentanyl, we urge you to reach out for help. Fentanyl is among one of the deadliest drugs that exists in today world, abuse and addiction of the drug almost promises an unhappy ending and fatality.

Opioid Crisis and Fentanyl

In recent years, several reports have been made addressing the Opioid epidemic in America. Reports indicate a rise in Fentanyl laced Heroin distributed among Heroin addicted individuals, as well as counterfeit prescription pills being laced with the deadly drug. As many people are aware the Opioid epidemic in the U.S. has resulted in a serious include in the nations rate of mortality, creating much heartache and terror in societies across the country. From the year 2013 to 2014, the U.S. experience more than 700 deaths related to unintentional Fentanyl use, which is acknowledged as an understatement due to lack of laboratory tests run for cause of drug related deaths.

Authorities have discovered that suppliers and dealers of Heroin are cutting their drug supply with Fentanyl. Fentanyl is used to make Heroin potency stronger while being able to stretch the supply. It is common for individuals that are purchasing Heroin from their dealers are not aware of the Heroin or other drugs being laced with the Fentanyl. Reports from the DEA also indicate that Fentanyl isn’t just a threat to those who use it but to first responders and authorities as well.

Moreover, A deadly dose of Fentanyl can be absorbed through accidental inhalation and even absorbed by a simple contact to one’s skin. As addiction is an evolving epidemic in the communities all around us, it is important to remain vigilant and watch from addictive behaviors and changes in our friends and family members. Addiction does not discriminate and if a loved one becomes addicted to Opioid; the chance of fatal overdose is increased significantly.

  • Does Substance Abuse Have Health Consequences?
    Yes. The most common health concerns involve cardiac and respiratory issues, as well as cognitive disorders.
  • Does Addiction Harm More Than Just My Health?
    Yes. Addiction also destroy countless relationships with family, friends, and employers.

It’s What They Need

Your loved one feels isolated and alone in their fight against their addiction. Give them the backup that they need. Holding an intervention for a loved one not only brings their problem to the surface, but shows them that people still care about them. They might be in denial with other people, but most people who have a substance abuse problem are not in denial with themselves. Deep down inside, they know they need help. If you show them that they have support if they decide to get that help, they will be more willing to go to rehab. Let them know that you are not giving up on them.

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Seeking help for a loved one

  • Would Inpatient Care Help Me Focus on Recovery?
    Most likely. Inpatient care commonly suggested in order to avoid negative influences during treatment.
  • What Happens After Treatment?
    It is recommended that clients join social support groups like 12 step meetings and other communities.

Inpatient Fentanyl Rehab

Inpatient Fentanyl rehab offers treatment that is considered the best option for recovery from addiction. Inpatient rehab is the top suggestion due the fact that it offers the most personalized and comprehensive programming. While attending treatment in a residential facility, the person is surrounded by a relaxed and supportive environment, where everyone encourages healthy living.

Each person is guided by professionals around the clock, allowing the team of experts to monitor progress and adjust if needed. Intensive therapies are provided in a variety of forms to ensure that everyone experiences a wide range of techniques and finds what works for them. Therapists help each person identify the underlying issues driving their addiction and equips them with better, healthier coping skills for the future. Through various forms of therapy, the person in treatment will learn to identify these issues and how to overcome them.

Individual therapy works one-on-one with a counselor to pin-point negative thought patterns and replace them with more positive ones. Core beliefs that are not healthy are also challenged and replaced. Group therapy also helps heal the person. Each group member gives and receives advice, allowing for each person to benefit from multiple view points and perspectives. Groups are conducted in an atmosphere of compassion and brotherly love. Inpatient consists of residential housing and allows each individual to become fully immersed within treatment and his or her recovery. Inpatient is proven to be much more effective is overall care, limiting negative influences and resulting a higher success rate than alternative treatments.

Outpatient Rehab

Outpatient treatment has individual and group therapy on a less intensive, non-residential basis. Program participants continue to live at home and travel several times a week to the treatment facility for sessions. While this is very good for people who want to still work or go to school while completing the program, it is important to note that the person will still be living in the same situation and temptation to use may be too much for some.

Outpatient treatment is perhaps best when it follows inpatient treatment as the two are not redundant. The more treatment the better the odds of a completed and successful recovery. In contrasting both types of treatment options available, including inpatient and outpatient, outpatient rehab tends to provide individuals with more freedom to do as they please. Outpatient is not a residential treatment program rather a type of treatment that allows those attending to come to treatment each day on their own accord, being able to continue living out daily responsibilities, personal lives and schedules. While working toward recovery in outpatient rehab, individuals can attend to their normal obligations and commitments in daily life, however outpatient can pose a risk of relapse due to not providing a one track focused and substantially structured treatment environment.

In outpatient, individuals commonly spend the day time in a treatment facility receiving services and are dismissed in the evening time, to continue residing in their home. Through outpatient individuals are committed to attending counseling sessions, in a group and one-on-one setting, as well as individual therapy. In addition to counseling and therapy, outpatient commonly requires individuals to attend local 12-step meetings anywhere from 3 to 7 days a week.

  • What Are The Benefits of Outpatient Care?
    For less severe addictions, outpatient can allow individuals to better balance work and recovery.
  • What if I Don’t Have Enough Money for Rehab?
    You should first check with your insurance. Many insurance companies cover rehab or a portion of it.

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